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Agriculture, a field of activity which has evolved considerably thanks to technology

New technologies have enabled agriculture to evolve in order to improve the daily life of each producer as well as their yield.

Although we have experienced a very rapid development of new technologies for individuals, these have also appeared in the professional field. Whether for private or public sector activities, the daily life of each employee has inevitably changed. However, the area that is experiencing rapid growth in new technologies is agriculture.

In fact, it has been about ten years – if not more – that farmers have been using ever more sophisticated devices. We can cite, for example, drones, robots, autonomous tractors or lasers. Moreover, multiple actors have been able to put the cards on the table like Xavier Niel with his school dedicated to the agriculture of tomorrow for example. In addition, the economic climate in which we live has forced the agricultural fair 2021 to transform into an agricultural week from May 13 until May 24.

A constantly evolving field of activity

If there is one area in which technology has made many things possible, it is agriculture. This was not necessarily the case in the past, because the mores were not the same, but in a sense, the revolution was already present. Indeed, although it is not completely technological, plows have been abandoned in favor of tractors, an evolution which has been able to satisfy many farmers. It’s all these little things that have allowed agriculture to evolve in the right direction.

These days it is very rare to find a farmer who does not use new technologies. The latter now use very meticulous devices, for example, robots that manage entire greenhouses in order to operate alone from harvesting to packaging of the food. Ever more autonomous tractors can be programmed remotely using satellites. These allow you to follow the work of the tractor from a console or smartphone.

Drones allow farmers to better understand the state of crops.
Drones allow farmers to better understand the state of crops.

Mobile applications are also made available to farmers in order to monitor the weather during the day – or over the next few days -, the humidity level, the risks of bad weather such as that experienced in France with freezes it, as well as the best days to plant or harvest. Finally, to be able to receive this information, you need other devices.

Lasers are also available and can be paired with the app to know the best time to grow or harvest. As for the weather, weather stations are installed in the fields.

Agriculture is vast and has several areas like cattle ranchers. They can also benefit from new technologies. Many companies are creating tools to improve their daily lives, in particular to feed livestock. Indeed, there are connected glasses that can bring information to the best pastures.

Other tools are also available and their numbers are only increasing. Pascaline Pierson, head of the digiferme in Saint-Hilaire-en-Wöevre declared that “ the farmer is not yet ready to be a geek, or a tech junkie, but will become so in the near future ».

Tractors are now controlled from a smartphone or console using GPS.
Tractors are now controlled from a smartphone or console using GPS. Image: Pixabay

Schools dedicated to the agriculture of tomorrow

For those who do not yet know, Xavier Niel, CEO of Free recently announced the opening ofHectare, a brand new school dedicated to the agriculture of tomorrow. He intends to make the learning of agriculture accessible to all, whatever the level of the person. This will also make it possible to train future farmers and breeders in future and new technologies.

The school located in Yvelines, near Paris, will open its doors for the first time for the next school year, in September 2021. The CEO of Free hopes to democratize agriculture and standardize it knowing that by ten years from now years, nearly 400,000 farmers will retire. Hectare, the agricultural school of tomorrow intends to train nearly 2,000 students in the first year.

While waiting for new young people to take over, new technologies continue to rise and improve everyone’s daily life, particularly from an ecological point of view. Many researchers from INRA (National Institute for Agricultural Research) seek to improve these new technologies so that they meet ever more stringent ecological criteria according to the Agriculture-Innovation 2025 report, in particular to add value to products and improve their resale.

As a reminder, the week of agriculture (former agricultural fair) will begin from May 13 until May 24.

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