Regularly accused of being more polluting than expected, electric vehicles have a much lower carbon footprint than thermal cars, reports a new study.
Perceived as the automotive revolution in recent years, electric vehicles are however far from unanimous. It must be said that despite their ecological promise, the reality behind electric motors is still complex, to the point that a battery-powered car is not necessarily a viable model in terms of energy footprint. It is for this reason that many manufacturers are already looking into the question of hydrogen combustion, which without being perfect – especially on the issue of extraction subsidiaries, has a lower ecological impact.
New study undermines conventional wisdom
However, a new study conducted by the American NGO International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) refutes the argument according to which an electric car is in reality hardly less polluting than a thermal car. Even taking into account the entire life cycle of the battery, from the extraction of materials to the often very partial recycling of energy cells, an electric vehicle will emit much less greenhouse gases. This finding applies not only to the European network, which uses a majority of renewable energy, but also in India, where electricity consumption is highly dependent on coal mining.
No offense to detractors of electric power therefore, a thermal engine will necessarily be (much) more polluting than an electric battery, even if the latter is powered by networks. “sales”. According to the report published by the ICCT, the net emissions of an electric vehicle are thus up to 69% lower than those of a conventional combustion vehicle. To effectively combat greenhouse gases, the experts behind the study therefore agree that it is necessary “To phase out cars with combustion engines on a global scale”. An observation that coincides with the recent decisions of several countries taken earlier this year: In the United States, Joe Biden hopes to reach 100% electric by 2035. For their part, manufacturers Volvo and Audi have also set themselves this goal.