The latest IUCN report is even more alarming than in 2019.
Known to all, Komodo dragons are endemic to the Indonesian islands. A true symbol of this region of the world, the species is now threatened with extinction by the rising waters.
According to the latest report from the IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature), these are not no less than 40,000 species that are threatened with extinction. A figure which, despite the efforts made for the preservation of nature, continues to increase. 10,000 species have arrived on this list since 2019.
If the fate of the Komodo dragons is critical, this large Southeast Asian lizard is not the only one to suffer from recent climate change (the main cause of the extinction of species over the past 100 years). In its report, the IUCN indicates that 37% of shark and ray species are also threatened with extinction. In the oceans, in addition to global warming, the marine world has to face another enemy, just as dangerous: man.
Intensive fishing is emptying our oceans, to the point that WWF warns there may be no more fish in 2050.
Overfishing: Reaper of the Oceans
If today overfishing is a problem taken very seriously in developed countries, which have put in place laws and quotas to preserve animal populations in their waters, economic profitability and profit take precedence over protection of the environment. environment in developing countries, which in most cases do not have any fishing regulations.
If despite everything, some species are protected internationally, this is particularly the case of a large number of animals on the IUCN red list, human activity remains an indirect problem for them. Not to mention pollution that destroys their habitats and reduces, de facto their population, fishing can, in the case of sharks for example, be a real problem for them, even if they are not fished directly.
Carnivorous sharks feed on the fish that cross their paths, and destroying its stocks as we are doing is also putting the entire marine ecosystem on the alert. Fishing is then indirect, but just as dangerous.
The sustainable fishing solution
Solutions do exist, as IUCN President Bruce Colette explains: “We must encourage the development of sustainable fishing and continue to fight against illegal fishing”. The idea is not to ban fishing, but to regulate it to maintain a balance between our consumption of fish and the capacities of the oceans. Sign that the establishment of quotas is working, four species of tuna have just been removed from the list of species “On the verge of extinction”, their fate is today “Less worrying than the others”. A first step towards a return of animal balance in our oceans.
According to WWF, fishing represented 82 million tonnes of fish per year in 2017. A figure that has quadrupled since 1950. This excessive activity has the primary effect of emptying our oceans. The NGO explains that if we do nothing the vast majority of species will have disappeared by 2050. A catastrophic situation also for us on Earth. Empty oceans will no longer absorb C02 as they currently do, which will therefore heat the atmosphere even more.
In order to encourage a sustainable level of fishing, WWF recommends eating 12 kg of fish per year per person. This would require a little effort from Western consumers, in Europe about twenty kilograms would be consumed every year.