But this is not the case for everyone, as the main coal exporting countries have moved away from this agreement to continue financing the energy obtained through coal plants.
Increase clean energy and ditch coal
The different regions, including Spain, have signed a new “Declaration of Global Transition from Coal to Clean Energy”, where they have pledged to end the energy produced by coal and to increase clean energy and to guarantee a just transition from coal.
In addition, a group of 25 countries, including the COP26 partners, Italy, Canada, the United States and Denmark, have signed a joint declaration where they commit to putting end international public support for the fossil fuel energy sector by the end of 2022 and prioritize support for the clean energy transition.
And, coupled with this, up to 20 new countries pledged to do not build new coal plants, based on the Pact for the Non-Creation of Coal Energy launched in September by Sri Lanka, Chile, Montenegro and European partners.
These agreements are joined by the intention of developed countries which have promised to support and help developing regions in order to make your transition to clean energy.
All these agreements and pacts made during the climate summit position many countries to eliminate the energy produced by coal, which is one of the largest polluting sources, since currently approximately more than 42,000 million tons of CO₂ in 2017.
Not everyone agrees with the abolition of coal
But not everyone is in favor the end of coal. In fact, Australia, India, China and the United States they are unchecked and will continue to finance coal. It is true that China, Japan and South Korea have also decided to end coal financing abroad.
In the case of China, they are experiencing a great energy crisis and in fact, has started exporting coal from Australia -the second largest coal exporter in the world- in order to supply energy to the country.
Now, the Asian country has pledged to stop financing coal abroad, but the first chinese hydrogen train will be used to transport this item.
If the support of these countries, the main exporters of this energy, reaching, approaching the end of coal will be a difficult road.
In addition, while countries such as France or the United Kingdom will rely on the nuclear energy to supply the shortage of coal and support renewables, in Germany, who do not want to use this energy, they assure that they will continue to bet for using coal.