The commercial deployment of 5G networks has been developing rapidly globally. For this reason, researchers in the area are already theorizing about the next generation: 6G networks.
An approach to this new technology was shared by scientists from the School of Computer Science and Technology of the Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China; the School of Data Science of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, China; the Institute of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics for Society of Shenzhen, China, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), of the United States; Shenzhen University College of Computer Science and Software Engineering, China; and the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of British Columbia, Canada.
An academic approach to future 6G networks
In an article titled “6G Cognitive Information Theory: A Mailbox Perspective,” published in Big Data and Cognitive Computing, An international team of researchers propose a “cognitive” 6G network, significantly improving the 5G network that encodes and transmits data with its meaning or semantics.
Key technologies for sixth generation mobile communication networks be available as early as 2023, with emerging 6G networks in 2030, according to the research team. Compared to 5G, the 6G network will increase data speeds by more than 100 times, to one terabyte per second or more, making possible the inclusion of next-generation smart devices and high-performance computers.
To move large amounts of data whenever necessary, 6G networks will in the future need to customize the services provided to meet the data transmission demands of their users.
To meet these requirements, the document offers a “mailbox theory” that envisions a 6G network characterized as:
- Distributed smart grid: This would have smart applications embedded throughout the network and would be smart, managed and controlled. The network would be capable of transmitting, storing, analyzing data on a large scale and providing personalized access anytime, anywhere.
- Proactive interactive network: This would be a personalized and demand-centric network. Users would define network functions for on-demand resource scheduling. Furthermore, the network would adjust in real time according to changes in user demand. Such a design requires artificial intelligence to adjust the network, as well as the protection of personal data.
- Cognitive transmission of information: Compared to traditional communications, the 6G network would significantly reduce redundant transmissions and better ensure that semantic meanings are extracted, extracted and sent.